is thought to have a variety of possible causes, which
can be grouped according to:
Harmful substances –
which react harmfully with
– where the body’s defensive
systems are overactive, and attack healthy tissue,
for example inflammatory bowel disease known as IBD.
Non-sexually transmitted infection –
common form of proctitis, this is typically seen in
children, and caused by bacteria.
Sexually transmitted disease
- that can include gonorrhoea.
Side effects – where proctitis is a result of
existing medication or treatment, such as
There are a number of methods used to test for proctitis:
Examination of stool sample.
Rectal culture – laboratory tests to identify
organisms that might cause the disease.
Sigmoidoscopy – using a small tube with a camera to
examine the bottom-most end of the bowel.
Successful treatment of the underlying cause usually
cures the problem. Proctitis caused by infection is
usually treated with antibiotics.
Corticosteroids or mesalamine suppositories may
relieve symptoms of some patients.
What to expect
Proctitis sufferers can expect a good prognosis with
treatment, although this depends upon the cause of the
In some cases proctitis can be associated with
complications, such as: Anal fistula, anemia,
recto-vaginal fistula (in women) and severe bleeding.
The information is provided by Atlantic Healthcare Ltd.
and while we endeavour to keep the information up to
date and correct, we make no representations or
warranties of any kind, express or implied, about the
completeness, accuracy, reliability, suitability or
availability with respect to the website or the
information, products, services, or related graphics
contained on the website for any purpose. Any reliance
you place on such information is therefore strictly at
your own risk.
In no event will we be liable for any loss or damage
including without limitation, indirect or consequential
loss or damage, or any loss or damage whatsoever arising
from loss of data or profits arising out of, or in
connection with, the use of this website.
Through this website you are able to link to other
websites (including forums and informational pages)
which are not under the control of Atlantic Healthcare
Ltd. We have no control over the nature, content and
availability of those sites. The inclusion of external
links on our site does not necessarily imply a
recommendation or endorsement of the views expressed
Every effort is made to keep the website up and running
smoothly. However, Atlantic Healthcare Ltd. takes no
responsibility for, and will not be liable for, the
website being temporarily unavailable due to technical
issues beyond our control.